Phobia – The Know-How And Remedies

Almost all of us are afraid of something. It may be a person, a situation, an object or anything else. Fear and phobia are two terms that we link with the feeling of being scared. But are they the same?

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Scientifically, phobia starts where fear ends. Phobia is the clinical manifestation of fear that is categorized as a separate Anxiety Disorder and requires to be treated with different Types of Counseling; even if it’ starts out as free online counseling as mentioned in this article: https://www.betterhelp.com/advice/therapy/get-free-online-therapy-should-you-use-free-counseling/.

For example, you are afraid of social gatherings. This is fear. But when this fear starts making you avoid important social functions and you feel an uncontrollable urge not to face people, this will surely be regarded as ‘phobia’.

Symptoms of Phobia

Phobia is way more severe than fear and requires professional guidance in order to recover. The symptoms of phobia are both physiological and psychological.

Physiological symptoms

  1. Sweating
  2. Rapid heartbeat and pulse
  3. Nausea
  4. Numbness of muscles
  5. Dry mouth

Psychological Symptoms

  1. Feeling anxious
  2. Wanting to run away from the situation/person/object that you fear
  3. The fear is beyond control
  4. The fear interferes with normal functioning, making the person preoccupied with thoughts about the object of fear.
  5. Feeling helpless when confronted with the object of fear.
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Types of Phobia

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) 5 has given 3 subtypes of phobia.

  1. Specific Phobia – It involves intense fear of specific things like dogs (cynophobia), heights (acrophobia), closed spaces (claustrophobia), etc.
  2. Social phobia – This involves intense fear of social situations and gatherings. The fear is unbearable and the sufferer deliberately becomes aloof from any social situation that would aggravate the fear.
  3. Agoraphobia – This is the fear for being in situations which are perceived hard to escape from.

 What causes Phobia

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There are several views about what causes phobia. While some researches emphasize on the role of upbringing and observational learning, some psychologists focus on the genetics and brain functions associated with developing phobia. No single cause is enough to make a person phobic – a combination of different factors are responsible, some of which are discussed below.

  1. Genetic studies suggest that anxiety runs in families. Those who have a family history of anxiety disorders are more likely to develop phobia than those who don’t.
  2. Phobia is often the result of observational learning. For example, a child who has always seen her mother scream at the sight of a cockroach, will grow up believing that cockroach is a thing to be scared of.
  3. There are also studies that indicate certain neurotransmitters like GABA, serotonin, and norepinephrine to be associated with causing anxiety disorders like phobia or OCD.
  4. Unresolved conflicts at the subconscious levels can also manifest themselves as a phobia.

 Healing phobia

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It is easy to criticize and make fun of the apparently illogical phobias. But for the sufferers, it brings huge distress and they feel helpless at the face of confronting their fear. Psychotherapy and medicine helps in a good prognosis and early diagnosis of phobia may result in complete cure. Some useful ways in treating phobia are discussed below.

  1. Medicinal treatment – Group of drugs called Benzodiazepines (anxiolytic drugs) are helpful in treating phobia. They balance the neurotransmitter imbalances in the brain and diminishes the effects of phobia on the person’s physical and mental health.
  2. Systematic Desensitization or Exposure Therapy –  This is the most popular technique of treating phobia. Here the person is slowly exposed to the object of fear and is trained to control his response. The therapist starts by making the person imagine the feared situation and progressively makes the client confront his fear under the therapist’s guidance. It is the most effective way of dealing with any phobia.
  3. Hypnotherapy – This is not a very conventional way for treating phobia nowadays. It is mainly used to help the person know his subconscious conflicts and help him fight with them to get rid of the phobia. Performed under the supervision of a hypnotherapist,  hypnosis uproots the cause permanently.

Phobia can have long-lasting effects in our lives. So never feed your fears ; face them, challenge them and never let your fear be bigger than your faith.

Overcoming The Challenges Of Depression

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Understanding Depression

With life, comes challenges and as humans, we all face them in one form or another every day. Life with depression means, those challenges are amplified and basic daily tasks or activities require more effort to achieve. Depression, also commonly referred to as clinical depression or major depressive disorder, is one of the most common mental disorders and is the leading cause of disability and poor health worldwide.

According to estimates by the World Health Organisation, more than 300 million people worldwide are currently living with depression.

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Dealing With The Mental Disorder Diagnosis

 

Being Diagnosed With a Mental Disorder

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Whether it is you, a loved one or friend being diagnosed with a mental disorder, it can be a scary time, especially if you do not have enough knowledge about the right help and support, It may be impossible for you to achieve your goals and life’s ambitions but it is important to understand that the diagnosis does not mean your life holds no value . It simply means that you need to readjust your lifestyle to accommodate ways in which you can achieve good mental health. It is without a doubt that you will come face to face with many challengesAlthough you need to remember that mental illnesses are manageable with time, the readjustments will not be more than a part of your everyday routine that it won’t seem out of the ordinary.

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Continue reading “Dealing With The Mental Disorder Diagnosis” »

Mental Health: Acceptance Begins With Understanding

 

Some people can have good physical health their entire lives, while others could be plagued with chronic illness. Those with chronic illness would make changes in order to accommodate the diagnosis but continue to live a happy life. However, they could still have episodes where their disease brings with it challenges. Mental illness is no different. Being diagnosed with a mental illness does not mean that your life holds no value, or that you will not live a good, happy life like the next person, it simply means that you need to adjust your lifestyle to accommodate your illness. The first step to dealing and taking charge of mental illness starts with maintaining good mental health.

 

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What’s The Difference?

There is a difference between mental health and mental illness, although, despite the differences, there are also intricate ways in which the two interact. Continue reading “Mental Health: Acceptance Begins With Understanding” »

Alone… And Happy

Can you really be alone and happy? For most people, they think being alone means being lonely and that scares them more than anything. However, aloneness doesn’t necessarily mean lonely and there are many who are ‘alone’ but are extremely happy with their situation. There has never been a better time to look into the possibility of being happy when alone, especially when you’re in a relationship and very unhappy. So, what does it all mean?

Being Alone Can Be Positive Things

Being alone is a scary prospect because people think it’s an awful thing and that only sadness and being unhappy comes from it. Does it? If you are alone does that mean you are unhappy? Well, not always. You can be alone, without a partner but still be happy and content with your life. Yes, you might like the idea of having someone there to share moments with but until that happens, if ever, you don’t have to be unhappy. Too many people think being alone means loneliness and are afraid of it, however,  that isn’t always true. Anyone can feel lonely when they are in a relationship, with a dozen friends around them and it’s not down to being alone. Continue reading “Alone… And Happy” »